Yan Gong's Homepage

Contact information

Yan Gong (巩岩)


A433, National Astronomical Observatories,

Chinese Academy of Sciences

20A Datun Rd.

Beijing, 100012


Phone: +86-010-64848917

Email: gongyan@bao.ac.cn


Recent research:

Recently measured 3.5 keV line in a number of galaxy clusters, the Andromeda galaxy (M31) and the Milky Way (MW) center can be well accounted for by a scenario in which dark matter decays to axion-like particles (ALPs) and subsequently convert to 3.5 keV photons in magnetic fields of galaxy clusters or galaxies. We propose to test this hypothesis by performing X-ray polarization measurements. Since ALPs can only couple to photons with polarization orientation parallel to magnetic field, we can confirm or reject this model by measuring the polarization of 3.5 keV line and comparing it to the orientation of magnetic field. We discuss luminosity and polarization measurements for both galaxy cluster and spiral galaxy, and provide a general relation between polarization and galaxy inclination angle. This effect is marginally detectable with X-ray polarimetry detectors currently under development.

Intensity mapping is now becoming a useful tool to study the large-scale structure of the universe through spatial variations in the integrated emission from galaxies and the intergalactic medium. We study intensity mapping of the Hα6563 ̊A, [OIII]5007 ̊A, [OII]3727 ̊A and Hβ4861 ̊A lines at 0.8 ≤ z ≤ 5.2. We calculate the intensity power spectra and consider the foreground contamination of other lines at lower redshifts. We use the proposed NASA small explorer SPHEREx as a case study for the detectability of the intensity power spectra of the four emission lines. We also investigate the cross correlation with the 21-cm line probed by CHIME, Tianlai experiment and SKA at 0.8 ≤ z ≤ 2.4. We find both the auto and cross power spectra can be well measured for the Hα, [OIII] and [OII] lines at z < 3, while it is more challenging for the Hβ line. Finally, we estimate the constraint on the SFRD from intensity mapping, and find we can reach accuracy higher than 7% at z < 4, which is better than usual measurements using the LFs of galaxies.

The angular power spectra of the near-infrared intensities could contain additional signals and a complete understanding of the nature of the IR background is still lacking in the literature. Here we explore the constraints that can be placed on particle decays, especially candidate dark matter models involving axions that trace dark matter halos of galaxies. Axions with a mass around a few eV will decay via two photons with wavelengths in the near-IR band, and will leave a signature in the IR background intensity power spectrum. Using recent power spectra measurements from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER), we find that the 0.6 to 1.6 micron power spectra can be explained with an axion mass of around 4 eV and a total axion abundance as a fractional energy density Omega_a ~ 0.05. Such an abundance is comparable to the baryon density of the Universe.

We propose a new and robust method to test the consistency of the cosmic evolution given by a cosmological model. It is realized by comparing the combined quantity r_d^CMB/D_V^SN, which is derived from the comoving sound horizon r_d from cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements and the effective distance D_V derived from low-redshift Type-Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) data, with direct and independent r_d/D_V obtained by baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements at median redshifts. We apply this test method for the Lambda-CDM and wCDM models, and investigate the consistency of the derived value of r_d/D_V from different measurements. We find that r_d^CMB/D_V^SN for both non-flat Lambda-CDM and flat wCDM models with Union2.1 and JLA data are well consistent with the BAO and CMB measurements within 1-sigma CL.

The spatial fluctuations of the extragalactic background light trace the total emission from all stars and galaxies in the Universe. A multiwavelength study can be used to measure the integrated emission from first galaxies during reionization when the Universe was about 500 million years old. Here we report arcmin-scale spatial fluctuations in one of the deepest sky surveys with the Hubble Space Telescope in five wavebands between 0.6 and 1.6 mm. We model-fit the angular power spectra of intensity fluctuation measurements to find the ultraviolet luminosity density of galaxies at redshifts greater than 8 to be

log rho_UV=27.4 erg^-1 Hz^-1 Mpc^-3. This level of integrated light emission allows for a significant surface density of fainter primeval galaxies that are below the point-source detection level in current surveys.


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